The Temptations of Christ, 12th century mosaic, Anonymous, St Mark’s Basilica, Venice
O LORD, who for our sake didst fast forty days and forty nights: Give us grace to use such abstinence, that, our flesh being subdued to the Spirit, we may ever obey thy godly motions in righteousness and true holiness, to thy honour and glory, who livest and reignest with the Father and the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
2 Corinthians 6:1-10
WE then, as workers together with him, beseech you also, that ye receive not the grace of God in vain; (for he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation;) giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed; but in all things approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings; by pureness, by knowledge, by long-suffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned, by the word of truth, by the power of God; by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left; by honour and dishonour, by evil report and good report; as deceivers, and yet true; as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed; as sorrowful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.
St. Matthew 4:1-11
THEN was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an-hungred. And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, and saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down; for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee, and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; and saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan; for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Then the devil leaveth him, and behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
THE FIRST SUNDAY IN LENT
from The Harmony of the Collects, Epistles, and Gospels.
A Devotional Exposition of the Continuous Teaching of the Church Throughout the Year, Melville Scott, Vicar of Castlechurch, Stafford,
Second Edition, Bemrose & Sons, London, 1903.
THE first three Lenten Sundays are devoted to the consideration of temptations as proceeding from the devil, the flesh, and the world.
THE GOSPEL — S. MATTHEW 4:1-11 – OUR LORD TEMPTED BY THE DEVIL
A. When Our Lord was Tempted.
After a season of highest spiritual elevation, and when, therefore, He might have been least upon His guard; at the hour also of His greatest weakness, and on the side of His weakness. Unlike the first Adam, tempted in the midst of every advantage, the second Adam was tempted with every outward circumstance in favour of the tempter. We may thus expect temptation when least we fear it, but at our weakest moment, and through our frailties and the sins which most beset us.
B. Why Our Lord was Tempted.
It was for us men and our salvation; that we might not, when tempted, feel guilty and doubt of God’s assistance in our hour of greatest need; that we might not lack an example to inform us, nor an assurance of sympathy to encourage us, and of sufficient grace to give us the victory.
C. How Our Lord was Tempted.
Every temptation, both of Christ and ours, is directed against sonship, and its object to interfere between the sons of God and their Heavenly Father, and to separate man from the favour and grace of God. Christ came to “destroy the works of the devil and make us sons of God.” Satan comes to unmake the sons of God. Christ was tempted in three ways; we in many ways, but always with the same end in view, that we may lose our birthright; for as long as we can retain this we are safe, nor can Satan rob us but by our own consent.
Our Lord was tempted, and we are tempted —
(1) To Distrust Sonship.
To cast away faith in the care of a Heavenly Father Who had just claimed Him as His beloved Son. To use His miraculous powers as His own to gratify His own wants rather than as a Son dependent on His Father’s will.
We are thus tempted both to distrust our Father’s care, and to employ unlawful, because unfilial, means to supply our wants, for Satan has not let his favourite weapon rust in its sheath against Christ’s servants, though of no avail against their Master. He still urges the necessity of bread, and so also of sin; but our Lord tells of the greater necessity of obedience, by which alone men live, and not by bread.
(2) To Presume upon Sonship.
Having failed to conquer Christ’s weakness, the tempter attacks Christ’s strength; His very faith shall be His temptation, that His confidence in God may lead Him to presumption. Our Lord lays open the deception in the words: “Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.” To presume is to tempt God; it is to ask Him to bless our disobedience. We presume when faith in God’s care leads us to extravagance, or faith in His protection into needless danger, or faith in His mercy into careless conduct; whenever we expect to receive the promise without observing the conditions.
(3) To a Disloyal Sonship.
The Father must be everything or nothing. The intention of the temptation is revealed in the answer: “Him only shalt thou serve.” The temptation was to do evil, that good might come; and the answer must ever be that “that which cometh will not be good.” That for which our Lord desired empire was indeed good, for He desired to rule the world in righteousness. Satan can tempt us with baser gains, e.g., some temporal advantage won by sin, or escape from difficulty by means of untruth. We are tempted to reject the crown of righteousness when it seems a crown of thorns. Thus we are in danger whenever the turmoils of the world and the heat of them, the pleasures of the world and the mirth of them, the riches of the world and the glory of them, so take us up that we love them more than God, Whom only we must serve.
THE EPISTLE — 2 CORINTHIANS 6:1-10
GREAT ARGUMENTS TO HELP IN RESISTING TEMPTATION
A. Our Position of Grace.
In baptism we received the grace of adoption to be sons of God. We have not to wait for this grace, for it is ours already. Ours is the grace of acceptance in spite of sins that are past, and the grace of salvation by which to conquer the power of inward sin; and ours now, for now is “a time accepted and a day of salvation.” What we have to do is to see that this twofold grace be not received in vain, for received it has certainly been. Every temptation is directed against our position as redeemed children of God. To help us we must remember how much we stand to lose by sin, if by sin we should forfeit our birthright. To realise the blessed of sonship is so to value it as never to be willing to suffer loss of it. Realised sonship is, in fact, the conquest of evil.
B. The Example of the Saints.
Their labours show the intense importance of the message we have received at their hands, as the weariness and wounds of a dispatch-rider testify the urgency of his tidings. Such as messenger was S. Paul, ever anxious not to hinder his message by offense, to deliver it in spite of all and every danger, to exhibit its power in his own spiritual life, careless of honour or shame, success or failure, counting every sorrow a joy, every privation a privilege.
The labours of the saints show the importance of their message, and their example of self-denial reproves our weakness. Let us not disappoint those who have brought us the grace of God. If on argument against sin is our own loss, a second is surely what others lose by our fall.
A. Its Address.
It is addressed to the Lord Jesus Christ as the great denier of self for our sake. His Birth, Life, and Death were on long act of self-denial–“He emptied Himself.”
B. Its Petition.
We ask for grace to use abstinence, not as an end, as if it had any merit in itself, but as means of self-control, and for this very self-control as itself a means to more perfect obedience to the impulses of the Spirit, however gentle. Not abstinence, but obedience, is the pathway to true holiness; but we must follow and obey the motions of the Spirit; for thus alone can any high Christian character be attained, or, indeed, any Christian character at all.
C. The Object of all Resistance.
It is nothing but the greater glory of God to be manifested by our increasing likeness to our Lord, and by our union with Him in all things, and especially in His victory over temptation and constant denial of self.