The Sunday called Quinquagesima

Or the Next Sunday before Lent

Christ healing Blind El Greco

Christ Healing the Blind, circa 1570, El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos), The Metropolitan Museum of Art

THE COLLECT

O LORD, who hast taught us that all our doings without charity are nothing worth: Send thy Holy Ghost, and pour into our hearts that most excellent gift of charity, the very bond of peace and of all virtues, without which whosoever liveth is counted dead before thee. Grant this for thine only Son Jesus Christ’s sake. Amen.

THE EPISTLE

1 Corinthians 13:1-end

THOUGH I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil, rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known. And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.

THE GOSPEL

St. Luke 18:31-end

THEN Jesus took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of Man shall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: and they shall scourge him, and put him to death; and the third day he shall rise again. And they understood none of these things: and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken. And it came to pass, that as he was come nigh unto Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the way-side begging: and hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant. And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by. And he cried, saying, Jesus, thou Son of David, have mercy on me. And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried so much the more, Thou Son of David, have mercy on me. And Jesus stood, and commanded him to be brought unto him: and when he was come near, he asked him, saying, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? And he said, Lord, that I may receive my sight. And Jesus said unto him, Receive thy sight; thy faith hath saved thee. And immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God.


 

The Sunday called Quinquagesima

LOVE

from The Harmony of the Collects, Epistles, and Gospels.
A Devotional Exposition of the Continuous Teaching of the Church Throughout the Year, Melville Scott, Vicar of Castlechurch, Stafford,
Second Edition, Bemrose & Sons, London, 1903.

ON the third and last Sunday of Lenten preparation we are taught by our Church that a spirit of Christian love is the true spirit in which we should seek to spend this holy season. Only thus will Lent be marked by all needful self-denials, an increase of devotion, and new activities of Christian usefulness.

Only thus will Lenten discipline be preserved from the dangers of self-seeking and self-complacency.

We are apt to think of Lent as chill, cold, and unattractive, to enter upon it without any special object, and to mark it only by increased formalities. Our Church teaches that it should rather be a season into which love should be the entrance, of which love should be the spirit, and in which the increase of love should be our great object.

If we act successfully upon the teachings of our Church the season will be one even of happiness to ourselves, and, through us, to others. Our acts of self-denial will be willing offerings. Our devotion will issue in increased joy. Our more intense activity will issue permanently in an after-life of increased

usefulness. Thus will the season be one which God shall most certainly bless, being Himself the God of Love, for the object of Lent is the object of life, even so to possess and be possessed by love as to be fitted for a share in the glorification of love when God shall be all and in all.

THE EPISTLE—1 CORINTHIANS 13:1-13—A PSALM OF LOVE

Paul never approached more nearly to “the tongues of angels” than in this psalm of love, and it might well seem that he had found the doors of the temple of heaven left open, and listened to the new song, as he describes—

A. The Necessity of Love.

Love, or the desire to bless others, is so necessary that the very highest gifts are nothing without it. Eloquence is mere display, knowledge is buried treasure, if there be not the desire to bless others by what we say or know. The faith that can remove mountains is nothing unless directed to remove the mountains of evil which crush our brethren. Not all liberality is love, for the gift to others may in reality be given only to self. Not all martyrdom is love, for it is the will that sanctifies the cross, and there is a zeal not according to love.

B. The Picture of Love.

In Lent we consider our faults. These are many, but each is but a symptom of the lack of love, and the wise physician will go to the root of the disease. Our sins have many heads, but one neck; let us strike at that. We may also gain all virtues by obtaining one. By love we obtain the following graces:—

The power to bear and still to be kind and full of goodwill as before; freedom from jealousy when others are more noticed and favoured than ourselves; the absence of any large opinion of our own merits and of all annoying harshness or want of tact in our dealings with others. By love we learn forgetfulness of self, to be slow to anger, to be unsuspicious, not imputing ill intention to others, but rather to be glad at hearing good and to be sorry at hearing ill of them. With respect to the ill-doings of others, the Christianly loving man—

(1) Throws a veil over them, “hides them” (R.V., margin).

(2) Believes them not, believing, rather, in the truth of their opposites.

(3) Hopes the best of them, making all allowance and feeling confident that the worst has been made of them.

(4) If they are against himself, quietly bears and endures them, knowing that he has sinned against God more than any man can sin against him.

C. The Permanence of Love.

All the highest gifts are passing, whether prophecy, tongues, or knowledge, and are all to be superseded and lost in something higher, as the remarks, the conceptions, and the reasonings of childhood are superseded by the deeper knowledge of manhood.

Gifts pass, graces remain. Of graces there are three—one for each relation of life. Towards God there is faith; towards self, hope; towards others, love.

Of these graces, love is the greatest; for while faith and hope appropriate, love diffuses; and the grace which gives is more blessed than those which receive.

We are prepared for heaven in the same degree in which we are perfect in love, and are advanced Christians only so far as we are advanced in kindness and tenderness of heart.

THE GOSPEL—S. LUK E 18:31—AN EXAMPLE OF LOVE

“The love of Christ constraineth us” so that His example becomes our motive. “We love Him because He first loved us,” and love others because we love Him.

A. A Journey of Love.

This was the motive of our Lord’s last journey to Jerusalem, the city of, the Cross. How infinite is the difference which this last journey of Christ has made in our journey of life, for it has opened to us the pathway to the Jerusalem which is above! To this He now leads His disciples, going before them in the way as surely and faithfully as He led His faithful followers. He Who flinched not on His way to the Cross will never fail us, but will bring us safe and by the right way to, the city of our inheritance.

B. A Sacrifice of Love.

Christ went not in ignorance, but with perfect knowledge of every particular of His sufferings. He had the fore-knowledge and even the forefeeling of all the shame and suffering. He went in the calm determination of love, and counting the bitter cost of sacrifice, but looking forward to the joy set before Him, the joy of throwing open the Kingdom of God to men. Here is both our inconceivable motive and our perfect example. In times of dangerous weakness, of alluring temptation, when the dread of self-denial and craving for self-indulgence breaks down our feeble wills, may Christ’s example teach us courage. Thus will love make us strong for Lenten duty.

C. A Miracle of Love.

In love Christ went on, but in love He paused. Intent on the end of His way, He did not forget the wayside. Great purposes of love must not lead us to forget every-day duties of love to our homes and friends, to the homeless and friendless. The blind man shows our need, and how we may obtain. He was blind and poor, poor because blind. Spiritual blindness is spiritual poverty, but to the man who sees spiritually all that he sees is his. Spiritual sight is wealth.

Salvation is mine in proportion as I see it. We are blind indeed when blind to our blindness.

He shows how to obtain. He obtained by faith, seeing in the Man of Nazareth the Son of David, by prayer made the more earnest by the shortness of his opportunity, by perseverance in spite of all hindrances. Receiving his petition, he followed Christ in the way.

THE COLLECT

A prayer for Christian love.

A. Its Necessity.

For, as taught by the Epistle, “all our doings,” i.e., all our Lenten sacrifices, are nothing worth without this savour and seasoning.

B. Its Source.

Its abundant and only source is in the Holy Spirit of God, sent by the Father to bring us this very gift.

C. Its Beauty and Preciousness.

It is God’s most excellent gift; it is the most central of all virtues; it is the very essential of Christian life, and is to be obtained for the sake of Jesus Christ.

Psalms 89 & 90

Misericordias Domini

MY SONG shall be alway of the loving-kindness of the Lord : with my mouth will I ever be shewing thy truth from one generation to another.
2. For I have said, Mercy shall be set up for ever : thy truth shalt thou stablish in the heavens.
3. I have made a covenant with my chosen : I have sworn unto David my servant;
4. Thy seed will I stablish for ever : and set up thy throne from one generation to another.
5. O Lord, the very heavens shall praise thy wondrous works : and thy truth in the congregation of the saints.
6. For who is he among the clouds : that shall be compared unto the Lord?
7. And what is he among the gods : that shall be like unto the Lord?
8. God is very greatly to be feared in the council of the saints : and to be had in reverence of all them that are round about him.
9. O Lord God of hosts, who is like unto thee : thy truth, most mighty Lord, is on every side.
10. Thou rulest the raging of the sea : thou stillest the waves thereof when they arise.
11. Thou hast subdued Egypt, and destroyed it : thou hast scattered thine enemies abroad with thy mighty arm.
12. The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine : thou hast laid the foundation of the round world, and all that therein is.
13. Thou hast made the north and the south : Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy Name.
14. Thou hast a mighty arm : strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
15. Righteousness and equity are the habitation of thy seat : mercy and truth shall go before thy face.
16. Blessed is the people, O Lord, that can rejoice in thee : they shall walk in the light of thy countenance.
17. Their delight shall be daily in thy Name : and in thy righteousness shall they make their boast.
18. For thou art the glory of their strength : and in thy loving-kindness thou shalt lift up our horns.
19. For the Lord is our defence : the Holy One of Israel is our King.
20. Thou spakest sometime in visions unto thy saints, and saidst : I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people.
21. I have found David my servant : with my holy oil have I anointed him.
22. My hand shall hold him fast : and my arm shall strengthen him.
23. The enemy shall not be able to do him violence : the son of wickedness shall not hurt him.
24. I will smite down his foes before his face : and plague them that hate him.
25. My truth also and my mercy shall be with him : and in my Name shall his horn be exalted.
26. I will set his dominion also in the sea : and his right hand in the floods.
27. He shall call me, Thou art my Father : my God, and my strong salvation.
28. And I will make him my first-born : higher than the kings of the earth.
29. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore : and my covenant shall stand fast with him.
30. His seed also will I make to endure for ever : and his throne as the days of heaven.
31. But if his children forsake my law : and walk not in my judgements;
32. If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments : I will visit their offences with the rod, and their sin with scourges.
33. Nevertheless, my loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him : nor suffer my truth to fail.
34. My covenant I will not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips : I have sworn once by my holiness, that I will not fail David.
35. His seed shall endure for ever : and his seat is like as the sun before me.
36. He shall stand fast for evermore as the moon : and as the faithful witness in heaven.
37. But thou hast abhorred and forsaken thine Anointed : and art displeased at him.
38. Thou hast broken the covenant of thy servant : and cast his crown to the ground.
39. Thou hast overthrown all his hedges : and broken down his strong holds.
40. All they that go by spoil him : and he is become a reproach to his neighbours.
41. Thou hast set up the right hand of his enemies : and made all his adversaries to rejoice.
42. Thou hast taken away the edge of his sword : and givest him not victory in the battle.
43. Thou hast put out his glory : and cast his throne down to the ground.
44. The days of his youth hast thou shortened : and covered him with dishonour.
45. Lord, how long wilt thou hide thyself, for ever : and shall thy wrath burn like fire?
46. O remember how short my time is : wherefore hast thou made all men for nought?
47. What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death : and shall he deliver his soul from the hand of hell?
48. Lord, where are thy old loving-kindnesses : which thou swarest unto David in thy truth?
49. Remember, Lord, the rebuke that thy servants have : and how I do bear in my bosom the rebukes of many people.
50. Wherewith thine enemies have blasphemed thee, and slandered the footsteps of thine Anointed : Praised be the Lord for evermore. Amen, and Amen.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost;
   As it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Domine, refugium

LORD, thou hast been our refuge : from one generation to another.
2. Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever the earth and the world were made : thou art God from everlasting, and world without end.
3. Thou turnest man to destruction : again thou sayest, Come again, ye children of men.
4. For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday : seeing that is past as a watch in the night.
5. As soon as thou scatterest them they are even as a sleep : and fade away suddenly like the grass.
6. In the morning it is green, and groweth up : but in the evening it is cut down, dried up, and withered.
7. For we consume away in thy displeasure : and are afraid at thy wrathful indignation.
8. Thou hast set our misdeeds before thee : and our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.
9. For when thou art angry all our days are gone : we bring our years to an end, as it were a tale that is told.
10. The days of our age are threescore years and ten; and though men be so strong that they come to fourscore years : yet is their strength then but labour and sorrow; so soon passeth it away, and we are gone.
11. But who regardeth the power of thy wrath : for even thereafter as a man feareth, so is thy displeasure.
12. So teach us to number our days : that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.
13. Turn thee again, O Lord, at the last : and be gracious unto thy servants.
14. O satisfy us with thy mercy, and that soon : so shall we rejoice and be glad all the days of our life.
15. Comfort us again now after the time that thou hast plagued us : and for the years wherein we have suffered adversity.
16. Shew thy servants thy work : and their children thy glory.
17. And the glorious majesty of the Lord our God be upon us : prosper thou the work of our hands upon us, O prosper thou our handywork.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost;
   As it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.